Duties: U.S. and Canada shipments are duty-free.
Taxes: Determined and applied by the state or province (GST, PST, HST, etc.)
- Paid by the customer directly to the Government of destination country.
Brokerage: the fee associated with customs clearance for your inbound shipments.
- Paid by the “Importer of Record” (customer) based on the value of the shipment to the designated broker.
- Broker can be identified by the customer prior to shipment (so they use their own), otherwise FedEx will be the default broker.
- There are ways to avoid broker fees, but there’s time and work involved (example).
More in-depth resources: